India first participated at the Olympic Games in 1900, with a lone athlete (Norman Pritchard) winning two medals in athletics. However, India has won only 20 Olympic medals until the 2008 Beijing Games - 9 gold, 4 silver and 7 bronze.
Here's looking at some of the most memorable moments for India in the Summer Olympics.
Abhinav Bindra's gold medal at Beijing: At the 2008 Beijing Olympics,
Abhinav Bindra won the gold for the Men's 10m Air Rifle final after
shooting a total of 700.5. He scored 596 (fourth) in the qualifying round
and out-scored all other shooters in the finals with a round of 104.5.
Leander Paes beat Fernando Meligeni to win the bronze medal to
become the first Indian to win an individual medal since KD Jadhav
won bronze at the 1952.
In 1928, the team won its first Olympic gold medal and until 1956,
the Indian men's team remained unbeaten in the Olympics, winning six
gold medals in a row. In total, the Indian field hockey team has won eight Olympics gold medals — the highest among all national teams. The team
won silver at the 1960 Rome Games and the bronze at the 1968 and
Karnam Malleswari won a bronze medal in the 2000 Summer Olympics
at Sydney lifting 110 kg in the Snatch and 130 kg in the Clean and Jerk
for a total of 240 kg, which made her the first Indian woman to win an
At the 1960 Olympics in Rome, 'The Flying Sikh' finished second in
all of his 400m races prior to the final, improving his time on each occasion.
"The queen of Indian track and field" finished first in the semi-finals
of the 400 metres hurdles in the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics, but
faltered in the finals. Usha lost the bronze by 1/100th of a second. She
became the first Indian woman (and the fifth Indian) to reach the final
of an Olympic event by winning her 400 m hurdles Semi-final.
Rajyavardhan Rathore won the silver medal in Men's Double Trap
at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens. Rathore is the first Indian
(post independence) to win an individual silver. Rathore's silver medal
win was a turning point in the history of Indian Olympic Sports.
Sushil Kumar's bronze: He lost to Andriy Stadnik from Ukraine in the
first round of the 66 kg freestyle wrestling event, leaving his medal hopes
at the 2008 Beijing Games, before beating Leonid Spiridonov of Kazakhstan
to win the bronze.
Vijender Singh's bronze: At the 2008 Summer Olympics, he defeated
Badou Jack of Gambia 13–2 in the round of 32. In the round of 16.
Singh beat southpaw Carlos Gongora of Ecuador 9–4 in the quarterfinals
which guaranteed him a medal, the first ever Olympic medal for an Indian boxer.
Devendra Jhajharia, a one-armed javelin thrower from Rajasthan,
is India's only gold medallist at the Paralympics. He won gold medal
in the javelin throw at the 2004 Summer Paralympics in Athens.